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Childhood Obesity

 Childhood Obesity

Do worry your child is gaining weight? Does childhood obesity rush through your thoughts? Do you begin to try to control your child’s food intake and choices only to be met with anger andconfrontation?

Dealing with childhood obesity is a complicated process. There are many factors that a parent has to contend with. Some concerns have more to do with the parents own issues about weight. At times, these can be projected on to a child who is predisposed for weight gain.

The definition of childhood obesity is difficult to describe. A common explanation of childhood obesity is the individual having abody mass index greater than the 95th percentile of children of similar age, height, and gender. Some parents get upset when their child gains weight because they have had their own eatingdisorders. A range of factors including genetic and environmental can contribute to Childhood obesity.


 

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Developmental Factors Contributing to Childhood Obesity.

Various developmental factors may have an effect on childhood obesity. The manner in which a child grows may influence the tendency to gain weight. This can start in infancy. Studies have shown colorations that overweight babies at early months of age had a more likelihood for carrying more body weight at age 7.

Diet Effects of Childhood Obesity

The effects of eating habits on childhood obesity are difficult to determine. Studies that evaluated dietary change did not bring about the desired effect of curbing childhood obesity. Reasons have been attributed to the change not being sufficient to offset to the child’s biology.

Genetics of Childhood Obesity

Genetically, combinations of differences in genes controlling appetite and metabolism predispose certain individuals to obesity when they eat more calories than their bodies need. Other people without the genetic predisposition can eat similar amounts of food and may become overweight but not obese. As such, obesity is a major feature of a number of rare genetic conditions that often present in childhood.

For example, Cushing’s syndrome is a condition in which the body contains excess amounts of cortisol, a stress hormone. Researchers have found that in some children associations between growth hormone and excess cortisol exacerbate insulin resistance which can contribute to hypoglycemia. It seems that insulin resistance is due to an overload of glucose over a long period of time. The insulin receptors in cells are hypothosed not to respond to insulin. The lack of functioning of the insulin receptors in the membrane of cells, the blood sugar level rises that results in more insulin being produced, trying to lower the glucose levels. As a result the child can have an excess of insulin which is basically hyperglycemia. As a result the bodies insulin receptors are willing or forced to accept more glucose. The high insulin and glucose levels bring on a crash in energy level as well as causing the excess glucose to be stored in the body as glycogen, These sugars that have no where to go. They become glycogen and then are converted to fat deposited in fat cells.

Another genetic factor that can play a role in childhood obesity is Leptin. Leptin is a chemical hormone produced by fat cells notifies the hypothalamus of the brain degree of hunger the person is feeling as well as signaling the individual that they have had enough food.

When a child struggles with obesity, the current theory is that the receptors in the brain cells are not functioning correctly and do not respond to messages the leptin is sending. Therefore the fat cells send out more leptin and it has been established that overweight people have high concentrations of leptin in their blood. The concept could also suggest that the person who struggles with obesity is in a similar position as the diabetic, because the hypothalamus does not receive messages to stop eating and the individual keeps eating much beyond what their body can use. This is not unlike the story with insulin—resistance to hormonal messages.

Emotional effects of Childhood Obesity.

Stress can influence a child’s eating habits. Others tease often children who suffer from being overweight or obesity. This can naturedly bring about feelings of anxiety or depression. Many people eat to medicate to deal with these uncomfortable feelings, which naturally only exacerbate the problem.

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